We’re drafting a policy on suburban parking and we’d like to hear your views.
Project status: Analysis & reporting
Open for feedback: 17th October 2018 - 21st November 2018
We are reviewing how we manage suburban parking, in particular on-street parking, to help prioritise public space and create safer and more people friendly streets. This consultation document includes draft policies to address the challenges with managing suburban parking.
Our suburban streets play an important role for both residents and the city as a whole. They provide space for people to move around the city, green space, places to meet and socialise, and they often provide parking. This creates competing demands for space with dedicated cycle or public transport lanes, landscaping and areas to socialise often impacting on parking spaces.
This Policy is about developing a Christchurch-wide strategy on how to address these competing demands for public space in suburban streets and council car parks. It aims to provide more innovative and consistent solutions to parking issues that make suburban areas more pleasant and cohesive places to be. It also seeks to balance the needs of people travelling through suburban centres and those living, working and socialising in those areas. This will then shape how the Council manages parking issues in individual areas where parking issues are identified.
In September 2016 Council sought community feedback on the issues and options for suburban parking. During the engagement, Council received 214 submissions. The feedback received has been used to inform this document (the draft Suburban Parking Policy). This draft Policy covers suburban areas outside of the central city, a parking plan for the central city has already been adopted by Council in 2015.
Providing parking offers many benefits for the community, but there are also costs to providing parking (such as providing road space, environmental impacts, increased traffic, financial and opportunity costs, urban sprawl, and safety issues). These costs and benefits have been carefully evaluated and considered against the broader role of Council to determine the appropriate response to managing parking.
Council is seeking your views on the draft Policy.
For more information go to: https://ccc.govt.nz/transport/parking/suburbanparking
Purpose of this document
The purpose of this document is to gather feedback on the draft policy for how Christchurch City Council could better manage the car parking that it provides in suburban Christchurch (i.e. outside of the central city defined by the four Avenues). The document identifies draft policies to address the issues.
The process for developing the policy is outlined in in Figure 1.
This document addresses Council owned car parking, and excludes privately owned parking. Council’s role in suburban car parking is outlined in Appendix 1. The majority of the parking maintained and managed by Council in suburban areas is on-street parking. The recently completed District Plan Review and central city Parking Plan provide guidance and direction for private parking and central city parking respectively. It is now an opportune time to review the management of Council car parking, in particular on-street parking outside of the central city.
This Policy does not propose any changes to any car parks
The document provides a draft policy framework to guide future decisions on car parks. There will still be a case by case assessment on changes to any car parking, and consultation as appropriate to any situation. However the policy framework will promote more consistent decision making across the city.
Parking is a vital component of the transport system and supports the city’s economy. This is how the draft Policy fits into the wider parking picture:
In most suburban areas of Christchurch, un-restricted on-street parking is available. Occupancy rates are generally low, so there are no real issues for residents, businesses and their visitors to find a park on-street. There are, however, some suburban areas where there is an increasing and high demand for parking from both residents, businesses and commuters, which makes it difficult to find a park and puts pressure on road space. These areas are generally located within walking distance from popular destinations, such as commercial centres, business parks, the university and airport. It also includes areas that are increasing in density following the post-earthquake shift in commercial activity to the suburbs. Areas where time-limit restrictions have already been implemented are illustrated in Map 1.
Map 1: Areas where time-limit restrictions have been introduced
Our streets have many uses, they provide space for people to move, greet and to stop. This creates competing demands for road space. The post-earthquake shift in residents and businesses has also increased traffic movements, and resulted in situations where travel time reliability is worsening. In response to these issues, the Council is constructing cycle lanes, bus priority measures and improving footpath and street amenity. The aim is to offer more travel choice to keep people moving and to create more people friendly streets and public spaces. Implementing these measures creates tension around the allocation of road space, including how much space is provided for on-street parking.
This draft Policy addresses these issues and a number of specific parking issues in Christchurch. These are outlined in Appendix 2 and the draft Suburban Car Parking Policy — Issues and Options Discussion Document (2016). Grass berm parking violations have not been covered in this policy as it is addressed in the Traffic and Parking 2017 bylaw.
Appendix 1: Council’s role in suburban car parking
When considering Council’s role in suburban car parking
it is important to recognise that there are a number of different types of parking that a number of different parties provide see figure A1.
There are several ways in which Council can help to shape the form and function of parking within the city, including Council as a provider; regulator; an enforcer; and a facilitator of car parking.
Appendix 2: Issues around suburban parking
This provides a summary of issues raised by the public through public consultation in 2016 (Suburban Parking Issues & Options Survey) and outlines the advantages and disadvantages of suburban parking.
Appendix 3: Road User Hierarchy (from Network Management Plan)
Strategic Road Network
Public Transport Network