Quality of life and wellbeing is often impacted by the ability to live comfortably, with income being a major influence.

Personal income – median

  • The median personal income in 2018 was $32,900, an increase of 10% since 2013.
  • The city's median annual personal income increased from $29,800 in 2013 to $32,900, an increase of $3100.

Personal income – source(s)

Household income – median

  • The median household income was $65,300 in 2013, which was up from $48,200 in 2006.
  • In 2013, the median household income in Christchurch was $65,300 which was slightly higher than the New Zealand median of $63,800.
  • Nearly 31,000 households (27%) in Christchurch were earning $100,001 or more in 2013.  This was a 16% increase from 2006.
  • Conversely, the percentage of households with an income of $25,000 or less decreased from 27% to 16% between 2006 and 2013.

The inner north-west area units (Holmwood and Deans Bush) and outer south-west area units (Cashmere and Kennedys Bush) were the parts of the City with the highest median household incomes in Christchurch, at over $100,000.

Over half of the population in the following area units had an annual household income of less than $20,000 in 2013:

  • Paparua (66%)
  • Ilam (61%)
  • Upper Riccarton (58%)
  • Riccarton West (58%)
  • Wharanui (54%)
  • Aranui (51%)


  • The New Zealand Index of Deprivation is a valuable tool for understanding a community's socio-economic make-up, as well as enabling planning and decision making around a community's needs.
  • In 2018, the proportion of the Christchurch population living in areas deemed most deprived (Decile 10) was around 2% (6000 people), compared with 10% nationally. This was a decrease from 4% (20,800) in 2013.
  • In 2018, the proportion of people living in the least deprived areas (Decile 1) remained at 15% (55,000 people), compared with 10% nationally.

Explore more data

Interactive data and further links are available on Statistics New Zealand's website:

1. View and download census data relating to income from Statistic New Zealand's 2018 Census page(external link).

2. View Statistics New Zealand's Employment and unemployment(external link) page for further information and links.

3. View and download 2018 Deprivation Index(external link) data, showing deprivation scores for SA1 and SA2 areas (which broadly relate to street block and suburbs respectively).

Information about this data

  • Sources of personal income identifies all the various sources from which a person aged 15 years and over received income in the 12 months ending 6 March 2018. Statistics New Zealand collects personal, family and household income data through its five-yearly Census(external link).
  • NZDep2018 combines nine variables from the 2018 census which reflect eight dimensions of deprivation. NZDep2018 deprivation scores apply to areas rather than individual people.

The NZDep2018 index of deprivation ordinal scale ranges from 1 to 10, where 1 represents the areas with the least deprived scores and 10 the areas with the most deprived scores.

The NZDep2018 scale of deprivation from 1 to 10 divides New Zealand into tenths of the distribution of the first principal component scores. For example, a value of 10 indicates that the SA1 (or meshblock) is in the most deprived 10 per cent of our small areas in New Zealand, according to the NZDep2018 scores.

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